In the letter from charles lamb to english romantic poet william wordsworth

There is little evidence of his exact birth place. His father first worked as a hostler [6] at the stables attached to the Swan and Hoop Inn, an establishment he later managed, and where the growing family lived for some years. Keats believed that he was born at the inn, a birthplace of humble origins, but there is no evidence to support his belief.

In the letter from charles lamb to english romantic poet william wordsworth

The Restoration Literary reactions to the political climate For some, the restoration of King Charles II in led many to a painful revaluation of the political hopes and millenarian expectations bred during two decades of civil war and republican government.

For others, it excited the desire to celebrate kingship and even to turn the events of the new reign into signs of a divinely ordained scheme of things. Violent political conflict may have ceased, but the division between royalists and republicans still ran through literature of the period.

Indeed, it is hard to conceive of a single literary culture that could include, on the one hand, John Milton and John Bunyan and, on the other, John Wilmot, earl of Rochesterand John Dryden. Yet these and other such opposites were writing at the same time.

Yet Puritans and republicans had not disappeared. However, they still formed an important body of opinion within the nation. For erstwhile supporters of the Commonwealth, the experience of defeat needed time to be absorbed, and fresh strategies had to be devised to encounter the challenge of hostile times.

Much caustic and libelous political satire was written during the reigns of Charles II and James II and because printing was subject to repressive legal constrictions circulated anonymously and widely in manuscript.

The defeated republicans The greatest prose controversialist of the pre years, John Miltondid not return to that mode but, in his enforced retirement from the public scene, devoted himself to his great poems of religious struggle and convictionParadise Lostrevised and Paradise Regained and Samson Agonistes both Edmund Ludlowlike Hutchinson one of the regicides, fled to Switzerland inwhere he compiled his own Memoirs.

Some autobiographers adjusted their testimony themselves in the light of later developments. It testifies graphically to the force, both terrifying and consolatory, with which the biblical word could work upon the consciousness of a scantily educated, but overwhelmingly responsive, 17th-century believer.

The resulting work with its second part appearing in combines a careful exposition of the logical structure of the Calvinist scheme of salvation with a delicate responsiveness to the ways in which his experience of his own world of the life of the road, of the arrogance of the rich, of the rhythms of contemporary speech can be deployed to render with a new vividness the strenuous testing the Christian soul must undergo.

His achievement owes scarcely anything to the literary culture of his time, but his masterpiece has gained for itself a readership greater than that achieved by any other English 17th-century work with the exception of the King James Bible.

In the 17th and 18th centuries there were chapbook versions, at two or three pence each, for the barely literate, and there were elegant editions for pious gentlefolk. It was the favourite work of both the self-improving artisan and the affluent tradesman.

Yet it was below the horizon of polite literary taste.

English literature - The Restoration | schwenkreis.com

Perhaps Bunyan, the uneducated son of a tinker, would have found such condescension appropriate. This work is also rich in disdainful portraits of those who are more than satisfied with the ways of the world: The Life and Death of Mr.

Badmanwhich, with graphic local detail, remorselessly tracks the sinful temptations of everyday life, and The Holy Wara grandiose attempt at religious mythmaking interlaced with contemporary political allusions. Richard Baxtera Nonconformist cleric who, although enduring persecution afterwas by instinct and much of his practice a reconciler, published untiringly on religious issues.

Soon after the death of his wife, he wrote the moving Breviatea striking combination of exemplary narrative and unaffectedly direct reporting of the nature of their domestic life.

His finest work, however, is the Reliquiae Baxterianae published infive years after his deathan autobiography that is also an eloquent defense of the Puritan impulse in the 17th-century Christian tradition. In the aftermath of the Restoration, there was much formulaic satirizing of Puritans, especially on the stage.

English literature - The Restoration | schwenkreis.com

This was a massively popular work, with an influence stretching well into the 18th century when Samuel Johnsonfor example, greatly admired it and William Hogarth illustrated some scenes from it. It reads partly as a consummately destructive act of revenge upon those who had usurped power in the previous two decades, but although it is easy to identify what Hudibras opposes, it is difficult to say what, if anything, it affirms.

Although much admired by royalist opinion, it shows no wish to celebrate the authority or person restored inand its brazenly undignified use of rhyming tetrameters mirrors, mocks, and lacerates rooted human follies far beyond the power of one political reversal to obliterate. Writings of the royalists Royalists also resorted to biography and autobiography to record their experiences of defeat and restoration.

Three of the most intriguing are by women: The latter two were both written in the late s but as private texts, with no apparent thought of publication. They were not published in any complete form until, respectively, and Clarendon was a close adviser to two kings, and his intimacy with many of the key events is unrivaled.The HyperTexts The Best Sonnets of All Time Sonnet Definition and Examples Which poets wrote the best sonnets ever penned in the English language?

John Keats (/ k iː t s /; 31 October – 23 February ) was an English Romantic poet. He was one of the main figures of the second generation of Romantic poets, along with Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley, despite his works having been in publication for only four years before his death from tuberculosis at the age of Although his poems were not generally well received by.

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Percy Bysshe Shelley: Percy Bysshe Shelley, English Romantic poet whose passionate search for personal love and social justice was gradually channeled from overt actions into poems that rank with the greatest in the English language.

Shelley was the heir to rich estates acquired by his grandfather, Bysshe (pronounced.

In the letter from charles lamb to english romantic poet william wordsworth

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